Rugby 7s is a variation of Rugby Union. The rules are almost identical to those of Rugby Union although Rugby 7s games are normally 14 to 20 minutes long. Whereas Rugby Union has 15 players per team, a Rugby 7s team is made up of seven players and three substitutes.
Each match lasts 14 minutes made up of two seven-minute halves.
The field is divided into two halves with a goal and a try line at each end. The game starts with one team kicking the ball from the centre.
One of the most important rules of the game is that players must pass the ball backwards or sideways but never forwards.
A line out is used to restart the play once the ball goes outside the field of play. The line out is when the ball is thrown from where the ball went out towards a line of players from each side standing a metre apart.
A scrum is awarded to a team when a player of the opposition disobeys certain laws. The team that did not make the error rolls the ball into the scrum. The scrum is made up of an equal number of players who lock arms in a huddle. The aim is to regain possession of the ball.
The aim of the game is to score more points than your opposition.
Points can be scored in four ways — running the ball over the try line to score a try, try conversions, penalty kicks and drop goals.
The most points are scored when the ball is carried over the other team’s try line and is properly grounded. This results in five points and the team also gets to kick the ball at goal for two more points. A converted try is worth seven points.
Three points are awarded for a successful penalty kick, which is given after a law has been broken by an opposition player.
Three points can also be gained by kicking a drop goal, when one team member drop kicks the ball over the cross bar and between the posts.
The ball is 28-30 cm in length and 58-62 cm in diameter.
Field of Play
The field of play is 100m x 69m with 22m behind each goal.
The goals are two vertical posts that are 5.6m wide and have a cross bar that is 3m above the ground. The posts are padded up to 2m for player safety.
Players wear protective headwear, boots with stops to prevent slipping, and collared shirts known as jerseys.